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Please make sure you have read the Tag Syntax document and understand how tag attribute syntax works.

NOTE: The id attribute is deprecated in Struts 2.1.x, and has been replaced by the var attribute.


This tag is used to create a URL.

You can use the <param> tag inside the body to provide additional request parameters. If the value of a param is an Array or an Iterable all the values will be added to the URL.

NOTE: By default request parameters will be separated using escaped ampersands (i.e., &). This is necessary for XHTML compliance, however, when using the URL generated by this tag with the <s:property> tag, the escapeAmp attribute should be used to disable ampersand escaping.

NOTE: When includeParams is all or get, the parameter defined in a <param> tag will take precedence over any params included due to the includeParams attribute. For example, in Example 3 below, if there is a id parameter in the url where the page this tag is included like http://<host>:<port>/<context>/editUser.action?id=3333&name=John the generated url will be http://<host>:<port>/<context>/editUser.action?id=22&name=John because the parameter defined in the param tag will take precedence

Setting a default value for includeParams

The property struts.url.includeParams can be used to set the default value of the includeParams attribute.

Setting the default value of includeParams

   <constant name="struts.url.includeParams" value="none" />

See Constant Configuration for further information.

NOTE: As of Struts 2.1.3 the includeParams constant defaults to none.

This tag is used to create a URL


Dynamic Attributes Allowed:








action false false String The action to generate the URL for, if not using value
anchor false false String The anchor for this URL
encode false true false Boolean Whether to encode parameters
escapeAmp false true false Boolean Specifies whether to escape ampersand (&) to (&amp;) or not
forceAddSchemeHostAndPort false false false Boolean Specifies whether to force the addition of scheme, host and port or not
includeContext false true false Boolean Whether actual context should be included in URL
includeParams false none false String The includeParams attribute may have the value 'none', 'get' or 'all'
method false false String The method of action to use
namespace false false String The namespace to use
performClearTagStateForTagPoolingServers false false false Boolean Whether to clear all tag state during doEndTag() processing (if applicable)
portletMode false false String The resulting portlet mode
portletUrlType false false String Specifies if this should be a portlet render or action URL. Default is "render". To create an action URL, use "action".
scheme false false String Set scheme attribute
value false false String The target value to use, if not using action
var false false String Name used to reference the value pushed into the Value Stack (scope: action).
windowState false false String The resulting portlet window state

NOTE: When the var attribute is used with the url tag, the tag’s generated URL value will be placed into the request scope in addition to the action scope.


<!-- Example 1 -->
<s:url value="editGadget.action">
    <s:param name="id" value="%{selected}" />

<!-- Example 2 -->
<s:url action="editGadget">
    <s:param name="id" value="%{selected}" />

<!-- Example 3-->
<s:url includeParams="get">
    <s:param name="id" value="%{'22'}" />