|Apache Struts 2 Documentation > Home > Tutorials > Bootstrap > Coding Actions|
In the Using Tags lesson, we implemented a Logon form. In the Coding Actions lesson, we interpret the Logon form, and return a different result code depending on the circumstances.
If you have coded along, you can open the Logon action
and enter a likely username and password. Since we haven't given the Action any behavior, the mapping redisplays the default Logon.jsp page.
Let's add an Action class that will make the Logon form more interesting.
Just as an example, we can examine the username and password values. If either or both properties are empty, return INPUT, so that we can collect a valid Logon. Otherwise, return SUCCESS.
The framework automatically populates the username and password properties for us. All that's left to do is checking to see if either property is empty.
The Actions do the "heavy lifting" in a web application. Actions interact with data base systems and business rule engines, so that we can turn "billboard" HTML into a rich, dynamic web experience.
After doing its work, an Action returns a result code to indicate what the framework should do next. Often, the next step is to go onto the "success" result. Other times, we might need to go to an "error" result instead. In either case, the Action does not worry about generating the response, only deciding which logical result to present next.
For more about Actions, see Big Picture in the Core Developers Guide.