Apache Struts 2 Documentation > Home > Guides > Core Developers Guide > Result Types > PlainText Result

A result that send the content out as plain text. Usefull typically when needed to display the raw content of a JSP or Html file for example.


  • location (default) = location of the file (jsp/html) to be displayed as plain text.
  • charSet (optional) = character set to be used. This character set will be used to set the response type (eg. Content-Type=text/plain; charset=UTF-8) and when reading using a Reader. Some example of charSet would be UTF-8, ISO-8859-1 etc.


<action name="displayJspRawContent" >
  <result type="plaintext">/myJspFile.jsp</result>

<action name="displayJspRawContent" >
  <result type="plaintext">
     <param name="location">/myJspFile.jsp</param>
     <param name="charSet">UTF-8</param>