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This interceptor sets all parameters on the value stack.

This interceptor gets all parameters from ActionContext#getParameters() and sets them on the value stack by calling {@link ValueStack#setValue(String, Object)}, typically resulting in the values submitted in a form request being applied to an action in the value stack. Note that the parameter map must contain a String key and often containers a String[] for the value.

The interceptor takes one parameter named 'ordered'. When set to true action properties are guaranteed to be set top-down which means that top action's properties are set first. Then it's subcomponents properties are set. The reason for this order is to enable a 'factory' pattern. For example, let's assume that one has an action that contains a property named 'modelClass' that allows to choose what is the underlying implementation of model. By assuring that modelClass property is set before any model properties are set, it's possible to choose model implementation during action.setModelClass() call. Similiarily it's possible to use action.setPrimaryKey() property set call to actually load the model class from persistent storage. Without any assumption on parameter order you have to use patterns like 'Preparable'.

Because parameter names are effectively OGNL statements, it is important that security be taken in to account. This interceptor will not apply any values in the parameters map if the expression contains an assignment (=), multiple expressions (,), or references any objects in the context (#). This is all done in the {@link #acceptableName(String)} method. In addition to this method, if the action being invoked implements the {@link ParameterNameAware} interface, the action will be consulted to determine if the parameter should be set.

In addition to these restrictions, a flag (ReflectionContextState#DENY_METHOD_EXECUTION) is set such that no methods are allowed to be invoked. That means that any expression such as person.doSomething() or person.getName() will be explicitely forbidden. This is needed to make sure that your application is not exposed to attacks by malicious users.

While this interceptor is being invoked, a flag (ReflectionContextState#CREATE_NULL_OBJECTS) is turned on to ensure that any null reference is automatically created - if possible. See the type conversion documentation and the InstantiatingNullHandler javadocs for more information.

Finally, a third flag (XWorkConverter#REPORT_CONVERSION_ERRORS) is set that indicates any errors when converting the the values to their final data type (String[] -> int) an unrecoverable error occured. With this flag set, the type conversion errors will be reported in the action context. See the type conversion documentation and the XWorkConverter javadocs for more information.

If you are looking for detailed logging information about your parameters, turn on DEBUG level logging for this interceptor. A detailed log of all the parameter keys and values will be reported.

Note: Since XWork 2.0.2, this interceptor extends MethodFilterInterceptor, therefore being able to deal with excludeMethods / includeMethods parameters. See [Workflow Interceptor] (class DefaultWorkflowInterceptor) for documentation and examples on how to use this feature.

For more information on ways to restrict the parameter names allowed, see the ParameterNameAware javadocs:

This interface is implemented by actions that want to declare acceptable parameters. Works in conjunction with {@link ParametersInterceptor}. For example, actions may want to create a whitelist of parameters they will accept or a blacklist of paramters they will reject to prevent clients from setting other unexpected (and possibly dangerous) parameters.

Parameters

  • ordered - set to true if you want the top-down property setter behaviour

Excluding parameters

This interceptor can be forced to ignored parameters, by setting its excludeParams attribute. This attribute accepts a comma separated list of regular expressions. When any of these expressions match the name of a parameter, such parameter will be ignored by the interceptor. Interceptor stacks defined by Struts already exclude some parameters:

  • dojo\..* (anything parameter whose name contains "dojo.")
  • ^struts\..* (any parameter whose name starts with "struts.")

Extending the Interceptor

The best way to add behavior to this interceptor is to utilize the ParameterNameAware interface in your actions. However, if you wish to apply a global rule that isn't implemented in your action, then you could extend this interceptor and override the #acceptableName(String) method.

Examples

<action name="someAction" class="com.examples.SomeAction">
    <interceptor-ref name="params"/>
    <result name="success">good_result.ftl</result>
</action>