Class IteratorComponent

  extended by org.apache.struts2.components.Component
      extended by org.apache.struts2.components.IteratorComponent

public class IteratorComponent
extends Component

Iterator will iterate over a value. An iterable value can be either of: java.util.Collection, java.util.Iterator, java.util.Enumeration, java.util.Map, array.

The following example retrieves the value of the getDays() method of the current object on the value stack and uses it to iterate over. The <s:property/> tag prints out the current value of the iterator.

 <s:iterator value="days">
   <p>day is: <s:property/></p>

The following example uses a Bean tag and places it into the ActionContext. The iterator tag will retrieve that object from the ActionContext and then calls its getDays() method as above. The status attribute is also used to create a IteratorStatus object, which in this example, its odd() method is used to alternate row colours:


 <s:bean name="org.apache.struts2.example.IteratorExample" id="it">
   <s:param name="day" value="'foo'"/>
   <s:param name="day" value="'bar'"/>

<table border="0" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="1"> <tr> <th>Days of the week</th> </tr>

<s:iterator value="#it.days" status="rowstatus"> <tr> <s:if test="#rowstatus.odd == true"> <td style="background: grey"><s:property/></td> </s:if> <s:else> <td><s:property/></td> </s:else> </tr> </s:iterator> </table>

The next example will further demonstrate the use of the status attribute, using a DAO obtained from the action class through OGNL, iterating over groups and their users (in a security context). The last() method indicates if the current object is the last available in the iteration, and if not, we need to seperate the users using a comma:


  <s:iterator value="groupDao.groups" status="groupStatus">
      <tr class="<s:if test="#groupStatus.odd == true ">odd</s:if><s:else>even</s:else>">
          <td><s:property value="name" /></td>
          <td><s:property value="description" /></td>
              <s:iterator value="users" status="userStatus">
                  <s:property value="fullName" /><s:if test="!#userStatus.last">,</s:if>


The next example iterates over a an action collection and passes every iterator value to another action. The trick here lies in the use of the '[0]' operator. It takes the current iterator value and passes it on to the edit action. Using the '[0]' operator has the same effect as using >s:property />. (The latter, however, does not work from inside the param tag).


      <s:action name="entries" id="entries"/>
      <s:iterator value="#entries.entries" >
          <s:property value="name" />
          <s:property />
          <s:push value="...">
              <s:action name="edit" id="edit" >
                  <s:param name="entry" value="[0]" />


To simulate a simple loop with iterator tag, the following could be done. It does the loop 5 times.

 <s:iterator status="stat" value="{1,2,3,4,5}" >
    <!-- grab the index (start with 0 ... ) -->
    <s:property value="#stat.index" />

    <!-- grab the top of the stack which should be the -->
    <!-- current iteration value (0, 1, ... 5) -->
    <s:property value="top" />


Field Summary
protected  Iterator iterator
protected  Object oldStatus
protected  IteratorStatus status
protected  String statusAttr
protected  IteratorStatus.StatusState statusState
protected  String value
Fields inherited from class org.apache.struts2.components.Component
actionMapper, COMPONENT_STACK, id, parameters, stack
Constructor Summary
IteratorComponent(ValueStack stack)
Method Summary
 boolean end(Writer writer, String body)
          Callback for the end tag of this component.
 void setStatus(String status)
 void setValue(String value)
 boolean start(Writer writer)
          Callback for the start tag of this component.
Methods inherited from class org.apache.struts2.components.Component
addAllParameters, addParameter, altSyntax, copyParams, determineActionURL, determineActionURL, determineNamespace, end, fieldError, findAncestor, findString, findString, findValue, findValue, findValue, getComponentStack, getId, getParameters, getStack, popComponentStack, setActionMapper, setId, toString, usesBody
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Field Detail


protected Iterator iterator


protected IteratorStatus status


protected Object oldStatus


protected IteratorStatus.StatusState statusState


protected String statusAttr


protected String value
Constructor Detail


public IteratorComponent(ValueStack stack)
Method Detail


public boolean start(Writer writer)
Description copied from class: Component
Callback for the start tag of this component. Should the body be evaluated?

start in class Component
writer - the output writer.
true if the body should be evaluated


public boolean end(Writer writer,
                   String body)
Description copied from class: Component
Callback for the end tag of this component. Should the body be evaluated again?

NOTE: will pop component stack.

end in class Component
writer - the output writer.
body - the rendered body.
true if the body should be evaluated again


public void setStatus(String status)


public void setValue(String value)

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