Class DefaultWorkflowInterceptor

  extended by com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AbstractInterceptor
      extended by com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor
          extended by com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.DefaultWorkflowInterceptor
All Implemented Interfaces:
Interceptor, Serializable

public class DefaultWorkflowInterceptor
extends MethodFilterInterceptor

An interceptor that does some basic validation workflow before allowing the interceptor chain to continue.

This interceptor does nothing if the name of the method being invoked is specified in the excludeMethods parameter. excludeMethods accepts a comma-delimited list of method names. For example, requests to foo!input.action and foo!back.action will be skipped by this interceptor if you set the excludeMethods parameter to "input, back".

The order of execution in the workflow is:

  1. If the action being executed implements Validateable, the action's validate method is called.
  2. Next, if the action implements ValidationAware, the action's hasErrors method is called. If this method returns true, this interceptor stops the chain from continuing and immediately returns Action.INPUT

Note: if the action doesn't implement either interface, this interceptor effectively does nothing. This interceptor is often used with the validation interceptor. However, it does not have to be, especially if you wish to write all your validation rules by hand in the validate() method rather than in XML files.

Note: As this method extends off MethodFilterInterceptor, it is capable of deciding if it is applicable only to selective methods in the action class. This is done by adding param tags for the interceptor element, naming either a list of excluded method names and/or a list of included method names, whereby includeMethods overrides excludedMethods. A single * sign is interpreted as wildcard matching all methods for both parameters. See MethodFilterInterceptor for more info.

Update: Added logic to execute a validate{MethodName} and then conditionally followed than a general validate method, depending on the 'alwaysInvokeValidate' parameter/property which is by default set to true. This allows us to run some validation logic based on the method name we specify in the ActionProxy. For example, you can specify a validateInput() method that will be run before the invocation of the input method.

Interceptor parameters:

Extending the interceptor:

There are no known extension points for this interceptor.

Example code:

 <action name="someAction" class="com.examples.SomeAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="params"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="validation"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="workflow"/>
     <result name="success">good_result.ftl</result>
 <-- In this case myMethod as well as mySecondMethod of the action class
        will not pass through the workflow process -->
 <action name="someAction" class="com.examples.SomeAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="params"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="validation"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="workflow">
         <param name="excludeMethods">myMethod,mySecondMethod</param>
     </interceptor-ref name="workflow">
     <result name="success">good_result.ftl</result>
 <-- In this case, the result named "error" will be used when 
        an action / field error is found -->
 <-- The Interceptor will only be applied for myWorkflowMethod method of action
        classes, since this is the only included method while any others are excluded -->
 <action name="someAction" class="com.examples.SomeAction">
     <interceptor-ref name="params"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="validation"/>
     <interceptor-ref name="workflow">
        <param name="inputResultName">error</param>
         <param name="excludeMethods">*</param>
         <param name="includeMethods">myWorkflowMethod</param>
     <result name="success">good_result.ftl</result>

$Date: 2007-03-30 10:56:25 +0200 (Fri, 30 Mar 2007) $ $Id: 1397 2007-03-30 08:56:25Z rgielen $
Jason Carreira, Rainer Hermanns, Alexandru Popescu, Philip Luppens, tm_jee
See Also:
Serialized Form

Field Summary
private static Log _log
private static String ALT_VALIDATE_PREFIX
private  boolean alwaysInvokeValidate
private  String inputResultName
private static long serialVersionUID
private static String VALIDATE_PREFIX
Fields inherited from class com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor
excludeMethods, includeMethods, log
Constructor Summary
Method Summary
protected  String doIntercept(ActionInvocation invocation)
          Intercept ActionInvocation and returns a inputResultName when action / field errors is found registered.
 void setAlwaysInvokeValidate(String alwaysInvokeValidate)
          Determine if Validateable's validate() should always be invoked.
 void setInputResultName(String inputResultName)
          Set the inputResultName (result name to be returned when a action / field error is found registered).
Methods inherited from class com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.MethodFilterInterceptor
applyInterceptor, getExcludeMethodsSet, getIncludeMethodsSet, intercept, setExcludeMethods, setIncludeMethods
Methods inherited from class com.opensymphony.xwork2.interceptor.AbstractInterceptor
destroy, init
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, toString, wait, wait, wait

Field Detail


private static final long serialVersionUID
See Also:
Constant Field Values


private static final Log _log


private static final String VALIDATE_PREFIX
See Also:
Constant Field Values


private static final String ALT_VALIDATE_PREFIX
See Also:
Constant Field Values


private boolean alwaysInvokeValidate


private String inputResultName
Constructor Detail


public DefaultWorkflowInterceptor()
Method Detail


public void setAlwaysInvokeValidate(String alwaysInvokeValidate)
Determine if Validateable's validate() should always be invoked. Default to "true".

alwaysInvokeValidate -


public void setInputResultName(String inputResultName)
Set the inputResultName (result name to be returned when a action / field error is found registered). Default to Action.INPUT

inputResultName -


protected String doIntercept(ActionInvocation invocation)
                      throws Exception
Intercept ActionInvocation and returns a inputResultName when action / field errors is found registered.

Specified by:
doIntercept in class MethodFilterInterceptor
invocation - the action invocation
String result name

Copyright © 2000-2008 Apache Software Foundation. All Rights Reserved.