org.apache.struts.action
Class ActionServlet

java.lang.Object
  |
  +--javax.servlet.GenericServlet
        |
        +--javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
              |
              +--org.apache.struts.action.ActionServlet
All Implemented Interfaces:
java.io.Serializable, javax.servlet.Servlet, javax.servlet.ServletConfig
Direct Known Subclasses:
RedeployableActionServlet

public class ActionServlet
extends javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet

ActionServlet provides the "controller" in the Model-View-Controller (MVC) design pattern for web applications that is commonly known as "Model 2". This nomenclature originated with a description in the JavaServerPages Specification, version 0.92, and has persisted ever since (in the absence of a better name).

Generally, a "Model 2" application is architected as follows:

The standard version of RequestsProcessor implements the following logic for each incoming HTTP request. You can override some or all of this functionality by subclassing this object and implementing your own version of the processing.

The standard version of ActionServlet is configured based on the following servlet initialization parameters, which you will specify in the web application deployment descriptor (/WEB-INF/web.xml) for your application. Subclasses that specialize this servlet are free to define additional initialization parameters.

Version:
$Rev: 264684 $ $Date: 2005-08-30 04:08:01 +0100 (Tue, 30 Aug 2005) $
See Also:
Serialized Form

Field Summary
protected  java.lang.String config
          Comma-separated list of context-relative path(s) to our configuration resource(s) for the default module.
protected  org.apache.commons.digester.Digester configDigester
          The Digester used to produce ModuleConfig objects from a Struts configuration file.
protected  boolean convertNull
          The flag to request backwards-compatible conversions for form bean properties of the Java wrapper class types.
protected  org.apache.commons.collections.FastHashMap dataSources
          The JDBC data sources that has been configured for this module, if any, keyed by the servlet context attribute under which they are stored.
protected  MessageResources internal
          The resources object for our internal resources.
protected  java.lang.String internalName
          The Java base name of our internal resources.
protected static org.apache.commons.logging.Log log
          Commons Logging instance.
protected  RequestProcessor processor
          The RequestProcessor instance we will use to process all incoming requests.
protected  java.lang.String[] registrations
          The set of public identifiers, and corresponding resource names, for the versions of the configuration file DTDs that we know about.
protected  java.lang.String servletMapping
          The URL pattern to which we are mapped in our web application deployment descriptor.
protected  java.lang.String servletName
          The servlet name under which we are registered in our web application deployment descriptor.
 
Fields inherited from class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
HEADER_IFMODSINCE, HEADER_LASTMOD, LSTRING_FILE, lStrings, METHOD_DELETE, METHOD_GET, METHOD_HEAD, METHOD_OPTIONS, METHOD_POST, METHOD_PUT, METHOD_TRACE
 
Constructor Summary
ActionServlet()
           
 
Method Summary
private  void addRuleSets()
          Add any custom RuleSet instances to configDigester that have been specified in the rulesets init parameter.
 void addServletMapping(java.lang.String servletName, java.lang.String urlPattern)
          Remember a servlet mapping from our web application deployment descriptor, if it is for this servlet.
 void destroy()
          Gracefully shut down this controller servlet, releasing any resources that were allocated at initialization.
protected  void destroyConfigDigester()
          Gracefully release any configDigester instance that we have created.
protected  void destroyInternal()
          Gracefully terminate use of the internal MessageResources.
protected  void destroyModules()
          Gracefully terminate use of any modules associated with this application (if any).
 void doGet(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
          Process an HTTP "GET" request.
 void doPost(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
          Process an HTTP "POST" request.
 MessageResources getInternal()
          Return the MessageResources instance containing our internal message strings.
protected  ModuleConfig getModuleConfig(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)
          Return the module configuration object for the currently selected module.
private  RequestProcessor getProcessorForModule(ModuleConfig config)
          Returns the RequestProcessor for the given module or null if one does not exist.
protected  RequestProcessor getRequestProcessor(ModuleConfig config)
          Look up and return the RequestProcessor responsible for the specified module, creating a new one if necessary.
private  void handleConfigException(java.lang.String path, java.lang.Exception e)
          Simplifies exception handling in the parseModuleConfigFile method.
 void init()
          Initialize this servlet.
protected  org.apache.commons.digester.Digester initConfigDigester()
          Create (if needed) and return a new Digester instance that has been initialized to process Struts module configuration files and configure a corresponding ModuleConfig object (which must be pushed on to the evaluation stack before parsing begins).
protected  void initInternal()
          Initialize our internal MessageResources bundle.
protected  ModuleConfig initModuleConfig(java.lang.String prefix, java.lang.String paths)
          Initialize the module configuration information for the specified module.
protected  void initModuleConfigFactory()
          Initialize the factory used to create the module configuration.
protected  void initModuleDataSources(ModuleConfig config)
          Initialize the data sources for the specified module.
protected  void initModuleMessageResources(ModuleConfig config)
          Initialize the application MessageResources for the specified module.
protected  void initModulePlugIns(ModuleConfig config)
          Initialize the plug ins for the specified module.
protected  void initModulePrefixes(javax.servlet.ServletContext context)
          Saves a String[] of module prefixes in the ServletContext under Globals.MODULE_PREFIXES_KEY.
protected  void initOther()
          Initialize other global characteristics of the controller servlet.
protected  void initServlet()
          Initialize the servlet mapping under which our controller servlet is being accessed.
private  boolean isValidating()
          Check the status of the validating initialization parameter.
protected  void parseModuleConfigFile(org.apache.commons.digester.Digester digester, java.lang.String path)
          Parses one module config file.
protected  void process(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request, javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
          Perform the standard request processing for this request, and create the corresponding response.
 
Methods inherited from class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
, doDelete, doHead, doOptions, doPut, doTrace, getAllDeclaredMethods, getLastModified, maybeSetLastModified, service, service
 
Methods inherited from class javax.servlet.GenericServlet
getInitParameter, getInitParameterNames, getServletConfig, getServletContext, getServletInfo, getServletName, init, log, log
 
Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object
clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, notifyAll, registerNatives, toString, wait, wait, wait
 

Field Detail

config

protected java.lang.String config

Comma-separated list of context-relative path(s) to our configuration resource(s) for the default module.


configDigester

protected org.apache.commons.digester.Digester configDigester

The Digester used to produce ModuleConfig objects from a Struts configuration file.

Since:
Struts 1.1

convertNull

protected boolean convertNull

The flag to request backwards-compatible conversions for form bean properties of the Java wrapper class types.

Since:
Struts 1.1

dataSources

protected org.apache.commons.collections.FastHashMap dataSources

The JDBC data sources that has been configured for this module, if any, keyed by the servlet context attribute under which they are stored.


internal

protected MessageResources internal

The resources object for our internal resources.


internalName

protected java.lang.String internalName

The Java base name of our internal resources.

Since:
Struts 1.1

log

protected static org.apache.commons.logging.Log log

Commons Logging instance.

Since:
Struts 1.1

processor

protected RequestProcessor processor

The RequestProcessor instance we will use to process all incoming requests.

Since:
Struts 1.1

registrations

protected java.lang.String[] registrations

The set of public identifiers, and corresponding resource names, for the versions of the configuration file DTDs that we know about. There MUST be an even number of Strings in this list!


servletMapping

protected java.lang.String servletMapping

The URL pattern to which we are mapped in our web application deployment descriptor.


servletName

protected java.lang.String servletName

The servlet name under which we are registered in our web application deployment descriptor.

Constructor Detail

ActionServlet

public ActionServlet()
Method Detail

destroy

public void destroy()

Gracefully shut down this controller servlet, releasing any resources that were allocated at initialization.

Overrides:
destroy in class javax.servlet.GenericServlet

init

public void init()
          throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize this servlet. Most of the processing has been factored into support methods so that you can override particular functionality at a fairly granular level.

Overrides:
init in class javax.servlet.GenericServlet
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if we cannot configure ourselves correctly

initModulePrefixes

protected void initModulePrefixes(javax.servlet.ServletContext context)

Saves a String[] of module prefixes in the ServletContext under Globals.MODULE_PREFIXES_KEY. NOTE - the "" prefix for the default module is not included in this list.

Parameters:
context - The servlet context.
Since:
Struts 1.2

doGet

public void doGet(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                  javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
           throws java.io.IOException,
                  javax.servlet.ServletException

Process an HTTP "GET" request.

Overrides:
doGet in class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
Parameters:
request - The servlet request we are processing
response - The servlet response we are creating
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if an input/output error occurs
javax.servlet.ServletException - if a servlet exception occurs

doPost

public void doPost(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                   javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
            throws java.io.IOException,
                   javax.servlet.ServletException

Process an HTTP "POST" request.

Overrides:
doPost in class javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet
Parameters:
request - The servlet request we are processing
response - The servlet response we are creating
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if an input/output error occurs
javax.servlet.ServletException - if a servlet exception occurs

addServletMapping

public void addServletMapping(java.lang.String servletName,
                              java.lang.String urlPattern)

Remember a servlet mapping from our web application deployment descriptor, if it is for this servlet.

Parameters:
servletName - The name of the servlet being mapped
urlPattern - The URL pattern to which this servlet is mapped

getInternal

public MessageResources getInternal()

Return the MessageResources instance containing our internal message strings.

Since:
Struts 1.1

destroyModules

protected void destroyModules()

Gracefully terminate use of any modules associated with this application (if any).

Since:
Struts 1.1

destroyConfigDigester

protected void destroyConfigDigester()

Gracefully release any configDigester instance that we have created.

Since:
Struts 1.1

destroyInternal

protected void destroyInternal()

Gracefully terminate use of the internal MessageResources.


getModuleConfig

protected ModuleConfig getModuleConfig(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request)

Return the module configuration object for the currently selected module.

Parameters:
request - The servlet request we are processing
Since:
Struts 1.1

getRequestProcessor

protected RequestProcessor getRequestProcessor(ModuleConfig config)
                                        throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Look up and return the RequestProcessor responsible for the specified module, creating a new one if necessary.

Parameters:
config - The module configuration for which to acquire and return a RequestProcessor.
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if we cannot instantiate a RequestProcessor instance
Since:
Struts 1.1

getProcessorForModule

private RequestProcessor getProcessorForModule(ModuleConfig config)

Returns the RequestProcessor for the given module or null if one does not exist. This method will not create a RequestProcessor.

Parameters:
config - The ModuleConfig.

initModuleConfigFactory

protected void initModuleConfigFactory()

Initialize the factory used to create the module configuration.

Since:
Struts 1.2

initModuleConfig

protected ModuleConfig initModuleConfig(java.lang.String prefix,
                                        java.lang.String paths)
                                 throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize the module configuration information for the specified module.

Parameters:
prefix - Module prefix for this module
paths - Comma-separated list of context-relative resource path(s) for this modules's configuration resource(s)
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if initialization cannot be performed
Since:
Struts 1.1

parseModuleConfigFile

protected void parseModuleConfigFile(org.apache.commons.digester.Digester digester,
                                     java.lang.String path)
                              throws javax.servlet.UnavailableException

Parses one module config file.

Parameters:
digester - Digester instance that does the parsing
path - The path to the config file to parse.
Throws:
javax.servlet.UnavailableException - if file cannot be read or parsed
Since:
Struts 1.2

handleConfigException

private void handleConfigException(java.lang.String path,
                                   java.lang.Exception e)
                            throws javax.servlet.UnavailableException

Simplifies exception handling in the parseModuleConfigFile method.

Parameters:
path -  
e -  
Throws:
javax.servlet.UnavailableException - as a wrapper around Exception

initModuleDataSources

protected void initModuleDataSources(ModuleConfig config)
                              throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize the data sources for the specified module.

Parameters:
config - ModuleConfig information for this module
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if initialization cannot be performed
Since:
Struts 1.1

initModulePlugIns

protected void initModulePlugIns(ModuleConfig config)
                          throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize the plug ins for the specified module.

Parameters:
config - ModuleConfig information for this module
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if initialization cannot be performed
Since:
Struts 1.1

initModuleMessageResources

protected void initModuleMessageResources(ModuleConfig config)
                                   throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize the application MessageResources for the specified module.

Parameters:
config - ModuleConfig information for this module
Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if initialization cannot be performed
Since:
Struts 1.1

initConfigDigester

protected org.apache.commons.digester.Digester initConfigDigester()
                                                           throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Create (if needed) and return a new Digester instance that has been initialized to process Struts module configuration files and configure a corresponding ModuleConfig object (which must be pushed on to the evaluation stack before parsing begins).

Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if a Digester cannot be configured
Since:
Struts 1.1

addRuleSets

private void addRuleSets()
                  throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Add any custom RuleSet instances to configDigester that have been specified in the rulesets init parameter.

Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException -  

isValidating

private boolean isValidating()

Check the status of the validating initialization parameter.

Returns:
true if the module Digester should validate.

initInternal

protected void initInternal()
                     throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize our internal MessageResources bundle.

Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if we cannot initialize these resources

initOther

protected void initOther()
                  throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize other global characteristics of the controller servlet.

Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if we cannot initialize these resources

initServlet

protected void initServlet()
                    throws javax.servlet.ServletException

Initialize the servlet mapping under which our controller servlet is being accessed. This will be used in the &html:form> tag to generate correct destination URLs for form submissions.

Throws:
javax.servlet.ServletException - if error happens while scanning web.xml

process

protected void process(javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest request,
                       javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse response)
                throws java.io.IOException,
                       javax.servlet.ServletException

Perform the standard request processing for this request, and create the corresponding response.

Parameters:
request - The servlet request we are processing
response - The servlet response we are creating
Throws:
java.io.IOException - if an input/output error occurs
javax.servlet.ServletException - if a servlet exception is thrown


Copyright 2000-2006 - The Apache Software Foundation