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Our in-depth guides focus on specific areas of the framework, such as Views, the Core framework, and Third-party Extensions.

We started work on a new User Guide, that should simplify learning process. Please feel free to contribute!

Core Developers Guide

Struts 2 processes requests using three core types: interceptors, actions, and results. Each may be configured via XML or annotations.

Tag Developers Guide

The framework offers a flexible view layer that supports multiple view technologies, including JSP, FreeMaker, and Velocity.

Plugin Developers Guide

Apache Struts 2 provides a simple plugin architecture so that developers can extend the framework just by adding a JAR to the application's classpath. Since plugins are contained in a JAR, they are easy to share with others. Several plugins are bundled with the framework, and others are available from third-party sources.

Bundled Plugins

(tick) For a complete list of bundled and third-party plugins, visit the Plugin Registry..

Architects Guide

Migration Guide

Getting here from there.

Version Notes 2.5.x

Version Notes 2.3.x

Version Notes 2.2.x

Version Notes 2.1.x

Release Notes 2.0.x

Struts 1 to Struts 2

Comparing Struts 1 and 2

How are Struts 1 and Struts 2 alike? How are they different?

Struts 1 Solutions

Various issues (and hopefully their solutions!) encountered during migrations to Struts 2.

Migration Strategies

Steps and overall strategies for migrating Struts 1 applications to Struts 2.

Migration Tools

Development tools to help aid the migration process.


Migrating Applications to Struts 2

A three-part series by Ian Roughley (Sep 2006)


Roadmap FAQ

What's in store for Struts 2?

A History of Struts 2

Don Brown's summary of events

Webwork 2.2 to Struts 2

Key Changes From WebWork 2

What has been removed or changed from WebWork 2.2 to Struts 2

WebWork 2 Migration Strategies

Steps and overall strategies for migrating WebWork 2 applications to Struts 2.

Contributors Guide



Core Guide TODOs

  • Creating Resources
  • Writing Validators
  • Writing Type Converters
  • Actions
  • Writing Actions
  • Writing Results

Licensing and Copyright


To suggest a change or a correction to any part of the documentation, log in and leave a comment on the appropriate page. We are always looking for help with the documentation!

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