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#####Logging support#####

XWork provides its own layer to support logging - it allows to use many different implementations.

Currently XWork provides support for the following libraries (in that order base on classpath discovery):


To use given type of library add it as a Maven dependency or drop into WEB-INF/lib folder. XWork LoggerFactory class will use given logging provider if available.

To add logging to your application simply declare a Logger as follow:

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;

public class MyAction {

    private static final Logger LOG = LoggerFactory.getLogger(MyAction.class);

    private String userName;

    public String execute() {
        LOG.debug("MyAction executed with UserName [#0]", userName);
        return "success";

    // getter / setter


Implementing my own factory

You plug in your own logging solution, simple extend LoggerFactory class and provide a delegate which implements Logger interface, like below:

JdkLoggerFactory which adds support for JDK logging

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerFactory;

 * Creates jdk loggers
public class JdkLoggerFactory extends LoggerFactory {

    protected Logger getLoggerImpl(Class<?> cls) {
        return new JdkLogger(java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(cls.getName()));
    protected Logger getLoggerImpl(String name) {
        return new JdkLogger(java.util.logging.Logger.getLogger(name));

JdkLogger is a wrapper around java.util.logging.Logger and implements Logger interface

import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.Logger;
import com.opensymphony.xwork2.util.logging.LoggerUtils;

import java.util.logging.Level;

 * Delegates to jdk logger.  Maps fatal to Level.SEVERE along with error.
public class JdkLogger implements Logger {
    private java.util.logging.Logger log;
    public JdkLogger(java.util.logging.Logger log) {
        this.log = log;

    public void error(String msg, String... args) {
        log.log(Level.SEVERE, LoggerUtils.format(msg, args));

    public void error(String msg, Throwable ex, String... args) {
        log.log(Level.SEVERE, LoggerUtils.format(msg, args), ex);

Check the source code^[] to see more details.

Defining which factory to use

Now you must tell XWork/Struts2 to use your implementation, just define system property like below:


you can use the same to explicit tell the framework which implementation to use and don’t depend on class discovery, eg.:


will enable Slf4j or Log4j2 even if there is commons-logging on classpath available (commons-logging is the first LoggerFactory to look for).