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Freemarker Support

Freemarker views can be rendered using the webwork result type

freemarker

.

Configure your action to use the freemarker result type

The

freemarker

result type is defined in

struts-default.xml

, so normally you just include it, and define your resuts to use

type="freemarker"

.

<include file="struts-default.xml"/>
...
<action name="test" class="package.Test">
  <result name="success" type="freemarker">/WEB-INF/views/testView.ftl</result>
</action>
...

Property Resoloution

Your action properties are automatically resolved - just like in a velocity view.

for example

${name

} will result in

stack.findValue("name")

, which generaly results in

action.getName()

being executed.

A search process is used to resolve the variable, searching the following scopes in order, until a value is found :

Objects in the Context

The following variables exist in the FreeMarker views

req

- the current HttpServletRequest

res

- the current HttpServletResponse

stack

- the current OgnlValueStack

ognl

- the OgnlTool instance

struts

- an instance of StrutsBeanWrapper

action

- the current Struts action

exception

- optional the Exception instance, if the view is a JSP exception or Servlet exception view

FreeMarker configuration with recent releases

To configure the freemarker engine that Struts uses, just add a file

freemarker.properties

to the classpath. The supported properties are those that the Freemarker Configuration object expects - see the Freemarker documentation^[http://freemarker.org/docs/api/freemarker/template/Configuration.html#setSetting(java.lang.String,%20java.lang.String)] for these.

default_encoding=ISO-8859-1
template_update_delay=5
locale=no_NO

Using struts UI tags - or any JSP Tag Library

Freemarker has builtin support for using any JSP taglib. You can use JSP taglibs in FreeMarker even if a) your servlet container has no support for JSP, or b) you didn’t specify the taglib in your web.xml - note how in the example below we refer to the taglib by its webapp-absolute URL, so no configuration in web.xml is needed.

<#assign s=JspTaglibs["/WEB-INF/struts.tld"] />

<@s.form method="'post'" name="'inputform'" action="'save.action'" >
    <@s.hidden name="'id'" />
    <@s.textarea label="'Details'" name="'details'" rows=5 cols=40 />
    <@s.submit value="'Save'" align="center" />
</@s.form>

NOTE : numeric properties for tags MUST be numbers, not strings. as in the rows and cols properties above. if you use cols=”40” you will receive an exception. Other than that, the freemarker tag container behaves as you would expect.

Dynamic attributes support

You can specify dynamic attributes with Struts 2 tags like this:

<@s.textfield name="test" dynamicAttributes={"placeholder":"input","foo":"bar"}/>

or like this:

<@s.textfield name="test" placeholder="input" foo="bar"/>

and for both case, it will be parsed into:

<input type="text" name="test" value="" id="test" placeholder="input" foo="bar"/>

You can also use OGNL expressions with dynamic tags like below:

<@s.textfield name="test" placeholder="input" foo="checked: %{bar}"/>

When using attributes with hyphens, use the below syntax (you can also leave the single quotes from false if you want)

<@s.form dynamicAttributes={'data-ajax':'false'}>
  ...
</@s.form>